Wildlife of Nepal have largely contributed in the tourist industry. But together, we have been witnessing human dominance over wildlife. Due to the destruction of forests, wildlife has been in a serious treat. But as humans developed the awareness about the role of animals in the eco-system, the scenario is changing. Over the past few years, the positive impact of saving wildlife has been visible. This increase in the number of tigers is the real proof.
Well, this is definitely good news for both humans and Wildlife in Nepal.
But as the number increases, the new kind of problem has aroused. Human tiger conflict has markedly increased over the past few years.
Wildlife of Nepal- Tiger attack
One thing that matters most in the Earth is human life, of course, because they are the most intelligent ones. As per the source, 373,000 people loosed their life between 1800 and 2009, due to tiger attacks. Human-tiger (Panthera tigris Linnaeus) conflicts are an extreme form of Human-wildlife conflict, with the major threat in the Asian region. And the situation is very problematic around conservation areas. As a result, people have developed a negative attitude towards the preservation of the tigers.
HTC is manifested as assailing on people and domesticated animals that have developed 2 major threats to tigers.
- Mortality of tiger during the conflict or their removal from the wild, and
- Developing negative attitudes of locals towards tigers, thereby dwindling their support for conservation of tigers conservation.
Among different Tiger Conservation Areas, Sundarbans have the highest number of human death by tigers. And, the conflicts are multiplying with the rise in human populations. As the biggest mangrove in the earth, Sundarbans is listed under Ramsar conventions and World Heritage. It homes about 190 tigers.
Although the conflict of humans and tigers has declined over the past decades, it is likely to amplify if the recently proposed conservation gumption to double the population of the tiger is successful. Increased conflict of humans and the tiger could undermine the flourishing conservation action unless the proactive steps are made to reduce HTC.
So, what’s next?
Here, we understand that ” if the tiger kills human then human kills tiger” concept is threatening. But, do we know the solution?
“The human-tiger conflict issue is customarily not addressed by governments,”, Mohd Azlan, an officer at WWF-Malaysia explained. Research in Malaysia showed that small changes in livestock management could reduce the death of domestic animals by tigers. Often the livestock is not herded up in the night; they are often left to wander free. Just if the farmers containing the cattle during the night and develop padlock in the tiger’s path, they are safe. Researchers have also designed tiger-proof padlock which costs US$1,300 per paddock. Well, that’s a lot for farmers alone to set up such expensive padlock. The government and conservation project should together help them out to set such padlock.
Here, saving livestock is secondary; first and foremost, people need to be safe. Well, developing a secondary forest around the conservation area reduces the direct contact of Humans and tigers. Implementing armies in the regions that are prone to attacks will be helpful to protect both humans and tigers. Also, the conservation project should provide a person with drugs that slows down the tiger for a couple of hours so that they do not beat the tiger to death. Of course, peoples should be trained to use such drugs.
Human Tiger Conflict is been never-ending issues- right from the hunting age to today’s era. If conservation action plans to increase their number, efforts to solve (well, at least reduce) HTC is to be made. The animal protection strategies should have a far-sighted vision.
We always support the fact that all living- beings have equal rights over mother earth. Want to know more about Wildlife of Nepal? Connect with us.