Nepal is blessed with an abundant amount of natural beauties. She wears the elegant crown of the glittering white Himalayas and looks pretty in the gown of green lush forest. Due to the wide range of climatic and landscape diversity caused due to altitude variation, the wildlife diversity of the country is also exemplary. Further, the geographical location of Nepal sees a variety of climatic from tropical to arctic makes such great diversity possible. They provide a favorable environment for the growth of elements of the natural ecosystem. And within the lush forest rich in a different kind of vegetation of mountainous ecoregion, grasslands ecoregion, and the savanna, lives a diverse range of fauna. Here is a detail of wildlife of Nepal in different region as Sagarmatha, Chitwan, Bardia and also about Jungle Safari in a different part of Nepal.
As a matter of fact of such diversity, wildlife tourism happens to a major attraction of the country. Further, Nepal has established many National Parks and conservation areas to protect its diverse fauna. These natural parks are playing a significant role to legally protect the wildlife of Nepal. This National Parks and Wildlife Conservation act under the Nepal government regulates all the policies and rules. Also, two of the National Parks- Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National park are listed in the UNESCO world heritage list.
Facts about wildlife in Nepal:
As per the data of the Department of national parks and wildlife reserve Nepal there are few interesting details about National Parks of Nepal –
- Over 30 species of mammals including musk-deer, leopards, bears, wild yaks, squirrels, wild goats, wild dogs, wolves, etc are the principally found in the Himalayan region.
- About 800 species of birds live in the various ecological belts of Nepal. Giant kites, vultures, Monal, Tibetan pigeons, and Danphe are commonly found in all the regions.
- There are many non-poisonous snakes in the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, especially in the Terai region while there are also few species of poisonous Snakes reported.
- Animals like tigers, bears, wolves, Jackals, foxes, monkeys, boars, deer and so on are found in the hilly region of Nepal
- Among principal birds, partridges, doves, falcons, cranes, and peacocks are some of them.
- The Terai has endangered mammals like wild buffaloes, wild elephants, one-horned rhinos, Bengal tigers, bears and stags and also the species of birds like peacocks, spiny babler, hornbill, partridges, falcons, owls, cranes, doves, parrots, quails, and vultures
- The reptiles like poisonous snakes (viper, cobra, and krait,), scorpions, crocodiles, alligators, tortoises and the Gangetic dolphins can also be spotted in Terai
National Parks and Conservation Areas of Nepal
Within the small area of Nepal, there are a lot of Natural Reserves. The Government takes a keen interest in preserving natural resources, vulnerable, endangered, and rare wildlife. Further, they are concerned about protecting the natural environment in its original form.
To these objectives, Nepal has now established 10 national parks, 6 conservation areas, one hunting reserve and also 3 wildlife reserves in various ecological zones of the country. Altogether, they cover an area of 23,919 sq. km, most of which are in the Himalayan zone and Terai belt.
Read about birds watching in Nepal: http://traveldiarynepal.com/bird-watching-in-nepal-everything-you-need-to-know/
National Parks of Nepal:
Sagarmatha National Park – 1,148 km2
Chitwan National Park – 932 km2
Langtang National Park – 1,710 km2
Rara National Park – 106 km2
Shey Phoksundo National Park – 3,555 km2
Bardiya National Park- 986km2
Khaptad National Park – 225 km2
Makalu Barun National Park – 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi)
Banke National Park – 550 km2 (210 sq mi)
Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park – 159 km2 (61 sq mi)
Wildlife Reserves in Nepal
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 175 km2
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve – 305 km2
Parsa Wildlife Reserve – 637 km2
Conservation Areas in Nepal
Annapurna Conservation Area – 7,629 km2
Manaslu Conservation Area – 1,663 km2
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area – 2,035 km2
Blackbuck Conservation Area – 15.95 km2
Gaurishankar Conservation Area – 2,179 km2
Api Nampa Conservation Area – 1,903 km2
Wildlife of Nepal attracts many tourists from all over the world. You can explore the jungle on foot, riding the elephant or also by driving a jeep.